But there is a simple way you can begin to learn what fruits and vegetables are the best for you to eat and what qualities and properties they can provide for you nutritionally: by what colour they are.
Below are a list of colours and their corresponding fruits and vegetables that you can look out for when you are in the grocery store next!
Green: Fruits and vegetables that are green are loaded with vitamins, such as folate, minerals and fibre. Green peppers, celery, cucumbers and asparagus are great vegetable choices and kiwis and green apples are ideal fruit choices. Broccoli and brussel sprouts are a great choice of vitamin C, while kale, Swiss chard and romaine lettuce are said to be choke full of lutein which helps to stave off macular degeneration, a leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Canadians.
Yellow and Orange: Beta-carotene is found in many orange and yellow fruits and vegetables such as carrots, sweet potatoes, mangoes, apricots and cantaloupe. They are also useful to fighting off Vitamin A deficiencies as well as boosting immune health. Fruits such as papaya, grapefruit, pineapple and oranges are high in Vitamin C. Foods in this colour are also high in folate, which is said to help prevent certain birth defects and heart disease.
Red: Fruits and vegetables like tomatoes, papaya, guava, grapefruit and watermelon, are high in lycopene, a powerful antioxidant that may help prevent certain cancers, slow the hardening of arteries and the growth of tumours. Beets have shown promise to fight against colon cancer and are also a good source of folic acid.
Blue and Purple: Whether fresh or frozen, foods in blues, blue-blacks or purple and blacks are low in calories, high in Vitamin C and fibre. Blueberries, blackberries, figs, plums and eggplant are great dark foods to choose. Foods of this hue are also high in anti-oxidants.